banner

Common cold, or simply cold, is the most common condition affecting mankind every year, with an average of 2 to 5 infections annually in adults.

Let the cold not be so common anymore | September 10, 2019

Common cold, or simply cold, is the most common condition affecting mankind every year, with an average of 2 to 5 infections annually in adults. The number of infections is much higher in children and the elderly. Complications are rare, except in the very young or old or in those with low immunity.   Common cold is an upper respiratory infection caused by a virus. Its symptoms are well known and begin with tiredness, followed by sneezing, headache, runny nose and cough. The illness resolves within a week, although sometimes it can last for up to 3 weeks.     How is the virus transmitted?
  • When a person sneezes, his nasal droplets sprayed into the air contains a heavy load of virus. This can directly infect a person in the vicinity
  •  The virus remains alive for prolonged duration of time on tables, desks, keyboards of computers, etc., and infect a person when he touches it  
  • An infected child can spread the virus through toys, books, pencils, etc. This is common in daycare and schools 
  What is the treatment of cold?
  • There is no cure for common cold
  • Plenty of warm fluids like soups should be offered to the person
  • Steam inhalation 2-3 times a day provides relief by its soothening effect
  • Sore throat can benefit from warm saline gargles 2-3 times a day
  • Doctors may prescribe medications such as antihistamines, pain relievers, paracetamol, etc.  Avoid using cold-and-cough medications in children younger than 4 years due to the risk of serious complications
  • Zinc, vitamin C, etc have been tried but none have proven benefits
  How to prevent catching a cold:   
  • Wash hands thoroughly especially after being at public places. An antibacterial soap is ideal, but you may use a hand sanitizer instead
  • Do not touch your face, nose, eyes as far as possible, especially if you are in a public area
  • Keep surfaces like tables, drawer pulls, keyboards, mouse, light switches, remote controls, etc.  clean and wipe with disinfectant solution if an infected person is around 
  • It is also important to follow a balanced diet, get regular exercise and beat stress.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related article

  • Breastfeeding – “Breastfeeding is not always easy, it is always worth it”

    Breast milk is the first and the most important thing you can feed your baby. Besides being the primary source of nutrition it also gives the baby essential ammunition against physical ailments…

    Read More

    September 10, 2019

  • Winter and Skincare – Beautiful skin requires commitment not miracles

    Most commonly identified by the skin feeling tight and stretched or dull, slightly red, and rough, people planning on spending a lot more time outdoors particularly need to watch out for windburn...

    Read More

    September 10, 2019

  • Are you struggling with Hypertenstion?

    Do you know that your weight is related to hypertension? Yes, being overweight predispose you to hypertension…

    Read More

    September 10, 2019

  • Sexual Health - Familiarity breeds contempt--and children

    The youth need correct and appropriate sexual education. They need the involvement of both men and women for healthy nurturing of their...

    Read More

    September 10, 2019

  • Diabetes: Never ever sugar coat it.

    Diabetes is a condition wherein your blood glucose (blood sugar) will be very high than the normal values due to…

    Read More

    September 10, 2019

  • Dental Carries – Sugar, Spice and Everything nice

    Dental caries start off as simple infections and cause enough damage, which leads to a dentist’s drilling. Of course, there are many things one cando to avoid this. Here’s how...

    Read More

    September 10, 2019